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Adequacy of loss-absorbing capacity of G-SIBs in resolution (TLAC)

Financial Stability Board

The “too-big-to-fail” (TBTF) problem arises when the failure of a systemically important financial institution leaves public authorities with no option but to bail it out using public funds to avoid financial instability and economic damage. The knowledge that this can happen encourages those institutions to take excessive risks.

In this regard, at the St. Petersburg Summit in 2013 the G20 Leaders called on the FSB to assess and develop proposals by end-2014 on the adequacy of the loss absorbing capacity of those entities when they fail.

To this end, on November 2014 the FSB published, in consultation with the BCBS, a consultative document on the total loss-absorbing capacity (TLAC) of global systemically important banks (G-SIBs) in resolution.

After the consultation period, the FSB published the final standard on TLAC for G-SIBs on November 2015, including high level principles and a detailed Term Sheet.

  • This standard defines a minimum requirement for the instruments and liabilities that should be readily available for bail-in within resolution at G-SIBs, but does not limit authorities’ powers under the applicable resolution law to expose other liabilities to loss through bail-in or the application of other resolution tools.
  • The objective of the standard is to ensure that G-SIBs have the loss-absorbing and recapitalisation capacity necessary to help ensure that, in the event of resolution, critical functions can be continued without taxpayers’ funds or financial stability being put at risk.

The technical note prepared by Management Solutions’ R&D department analyses the Term Sheet published by the FSB and the major implications for financial institutions arising from its implementation.


Executive summary


The TLAC consists of instruments that an institution must hold and that can be legally, feasibly, effectively and operationally written down or converted into equity in case of resolution, in an amount that exceeds the capital and leverage requirements.

Scope of application:

There are two types of TLAC requirements: an External TLAC requirement, which applies to resolution entities; and an Internal TLAC requirement, which applies to subsidiaries considered material sub-groups.

Main content:

  • External TLAC, including the minimum requirement, eligible instruments and the deduction of the eligible External TLAC issued by other G-SIBs.
  • Internal TLAC, including its size and eligible instruments.
  • Disclosure requirements of G-SIBs, resolution entities and entities part of a material sub-group.

Download the technical note by clicking here.


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© GMS Management Solutions, S.L., 2017. All rights reserved. The information contained on this publication is of a general nature and does not constitute a professional opinion or an advisory service. The data used in this publication come from public sources. GMS Management Solutions, SL assumes no liability for the veracity or accuracy of such data.